Mathematics is one of the most important subjects in the world. It is a basis for many other sciences and has been used to solve some of history's most complex problems. India has a long history of mathematical achievement and has produced some of the greatest mathematicians in the world. In this blog post, we will discuss some of the largest Native Americansmathematicianand explore their contributions to mathematics.

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## 12 Greatest Male Mathematicians of India

From antiquity through the Middle Ages to modern times, India has been home to some of the world's greatest mathematicians. Here are 12 of the most brilliant Indian minds who have made contributions to the field of mathematics.

**1.**Aryabhata - Father of Indian Mathematics

Aryabhata was an Indian mathematician and astronomer who lived in the fifth century CE. He is best known for his work on the Hindu-Arabic numeral system and his contributions to algebra, trigonometry and calculus.

Aryabhata's most famous work is the Aryabhatiya, a treatise on mathematics and astronomy. He also wrote a work on medical astrology that is now lost.

Aryabhata was born in Pataliputra (now Patna) in India. Little is known of his early life except that he belonged to the Brahmin caste. Aryabhata is believed to have studied at the University of Nalanda, one of the most prestigious learning centers in ancient India.

After completing his studies, Aryabhata returned to Kusumapura (present-day Patna), where he spent most of his life working on his mathematical and astronomical works.

Aryabhata died sometime around AD 550 in the city of Pataliputra.

### 2. Bhaskara I - Great mathematician and astronomer

Bhaskara I, also known as Bhāskara the Elder, lived in India in the 12th century. He was a well-known mathematician and astronomer and made important contributions in both fields.

In mathematics, he is best known for his work on arithmetic and algebra. He wrote several texts, including the influential Siddhānta Śiromani, which summarized the state of mathematics at the time.

In astronomy, Bhaskara made several important observations and was the first to notice that the planet Venus has phases like the moon. He also developed a more accurate method of predicting solar eclipses.

Bhaskara's work was enormously influential both in India and beyond, and helped shape the development of mathematics and astronomy in the Middle Ages.

Bhaskara was born in the city of Bijapur in present-day Karnataka, India. Not much is known about his early lifeTraining. It is believed that he studied at a religious school or monastery since he was a Hindu priest.

Bhaskara spent most of his life in Bijapur where he worked as aLehrerand astronomer. He died sometime around 1185 AD.

### 3. Bhaskara II - Great Indian mathematician

Bhaskara II, also known as Bhaskaracharya ('Teacher Bhaskara'), was one of the most influential mathematicians of the 12th century. He is best known for his work on infinitesimal calculus, which he developed independently of Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz. He also made significant contributions to algebra, geometry, and astronomy.

Born in Bijapur, India, Bhaskara began studying mathematics at an early age. He excelled in studies and became a highly respected teacher.

In 1150 he wrote a treatise on analysis, which was the first work to clearly describe the principles of differentiation and integration. Bhaskara's work had a significant impact on the development of mathematics in India and beyond.

He also wrote several other texts on mathematics and astronomy that were of great influence in the Middle Ages. Bhaskara died sometime around 1250 AD.

### 4. Brahmagupta - Father of Algebra

Brahmagupta was a prominent Indian mathematician who lived in the seventh century. He made significant contributions to algebra, geometry and astronomy.

Brahmagupta is best known for his work on quadratic equations, which laid the foundation for modern algebra. He also developed a method for finding the sum of a series that is still used today.

In addition to his mathematical work, Brahmagupta also made significant contributions to astronomy. He accurately calculated the length of the solar year and developed a method for predicting solar eclipses.

Brahmagupta's contributions to mathematics and astronomy earned him a reputation as one of India's greatest mathematicians. He is considered one of the greatest mathematicians in India.Brahmagupta died in 670 AD

### 5. Mahavira - Great Jain mathematician

Mahavira was an Indian mathematician who lived in the 9th century CE. He is best known for his work on algebra, which he developed independently of the Greek mathematician Diophantus. Mahavira's algebra was particularly influential in India and was later used by Chinese and Arabic mathematicians.

He also made significant contributions to geometry, including a method for constructing regular heptagons. In addition to his mathematical work, Mahavira is also known for his polemical writings, which criticized the work of other mathematicians of his time.

Mahavira was a highly respected mathematician in his day and his work is still studied by scholars today. As one of the greatest Indian mathematicians, he left a lasting legacy.Mahavira died in 850 AD

### 6. Ramanujam - Mathematical Genius

Ramanujan was an Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, and continued fractions. Born in Erode, Tamil Nadu, Ramanujan showed a natural flair for mathematics from an early age. He completed his schooling in Kumbakonam and later attendedGovernmentCollege in Tiruchirappalli for his studies in mathematics.

Ramanujan's work on continued fractions is particularly noteworthy; He found new ways to determine their values and proved a number of theorems related to them. He also worked on hypergeometric series, elliptic functions and number theory.

Ramanujan's contributions to mathematics have stimulated a great deal of further research; mainly, his work on modular forms laid the foundation for a new field oflearnso-called automorphic forms.

Finally, in 1918, Ramanujan was awarded a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS), one of the highest honors bestowed on a mathematician. He is also considered to be one of India's greatest mathematicians.

Ramanujan died in 1920 at the age of 32, but his legacy lives on through his work.

### 7. Raj Chandra Bose - The man who knew infinity

Raj Chandra Bose was an Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to combinatorics. He is best known for his work on the theory of quadratic forms and his research on the structure of finite bodies.

Bose also made contributions to the study of coding theory and probability theory. He was born in Bengal in 1901 and studied mathematics at the University of Calcutta.

After graduating, Bose began teaching at the Presidency College in Kolkata. He later held positions at the University of Calcutta and the Indian Statistical Institute. Bose died in 1987.

He received many honors during his lifetime, including the Order of the British Empire and the Nehru Award forScience.

### 8. PC Mahalanobis - The architect of the Indian statistical system

PC Mahalanobis was an Indian statistician and economist who made important contributions in the field of statistics. He is best known for his work on sampling theory, which led to the development of the Mahalanobis distance.

This distance is a measure of how far a point is from a set of points and is used in many statistical applications. Mahalanobis also pioneered the use of statistics in economics and helped establish the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Calcutta.

His work had a major impact on the development of statistics in India. He is considered one of the greatest Indian mathematicians. Mahalanobis died in 1972.

### 9. C.R. Rao – Famous Indian statistician

CR Rao is one of the most renowned Indian mathematicians. His work in statistical theory was very influential and he is considered one of the founders of modern statistics.

Rao has also made significant contributions to information theory, linear algebra, and both Bayesian and non-Bayesian estimation theory. In addition, he has worked on a variety of other topics, from multivariate analysis to optimal design theory.

He has received numerous awards and honors for his work, including the prestigious Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor. CR Rao is a true pioneer in the field of mathematics, and his work has had a profound impact on many different areas of study.

### 9. Ashutosh Mukherjee - Famous Indian educator

Indian mathematicians have made significant contributions to the field of mathematics and Ashutosh Mukherjee is no exception. Mukherjee was born in 1864 and was a professor of pure mathematics at the University of Calcutta.

He made important contributions to the theory of differential equations. He was also the first Indian mathematician to be elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.

In addition to his academic achievements, Mukherjee was also Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta from 1906 to 1912. He campaigned for educational reform and helped set up several colleges and universities in India.

Thanks to his commitment to education, Ashutosh Mukherjee is considered one of the greatest Indian mathematicians.

### 10. K.R. Parthsarthy - Great Indian mathematician

The Indian mathematician K.R. Parthasarathy is best known for his work on number theory and probability theory. He is from Kerala and was educated at the University of Madras and Cambridge University.

During his time at Cambridge he worked under the famous British mathematician G.H. hardy. After immigrating to the United States in 1951, Parthasarathy taught at several institutions, including Stanford University and the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton.

In addition to his research contributions, Parthasarathy was also a gifted teacher who influenced a generation of mathematicians through his lectures and books. His most famous result is the Ramanujan-Parthasarathy conjecture, which he proved in 1977. He died in 2009, but his legacy lives on.

### 11. MS Narasimhan Abel Prize Winner

MS. Narasimhan is another Indian mathematician who made important contributions to the field of algebraic geometry. Born in 1938, he received his PhD from the University of Chicago before returning to India to teach at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai.

In addition to his work on algebraic geometry, Narasimhan has also made contributions to number theory and representation theory. He has been a visiting professor at several institutions, including Harvard University and the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

Narasimhan is currently Professor Emeritus at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Despite his retirement, he continues to research. He is one of the most accomplished Indian mathematicians alive today.

### 12. Phoolan Prasad - Fields-Medaillengewinner

Phoolan Prasad was an Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to the study of number theory. He is best known for his work on modular shapes and elliptical curves. Prasad was born in Delhi, India in 1866.

After graduating from the University of Delhi, he taught at various colleges and universities in India. In 1904 he was appointed head of the mathematics department at the University of Allahabad.

Prasad's research was highly respected by his peers and he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1918. He died in Allahabad in 1934.

**10 Greatest Women Mathematicians of****If**

There have been many great Indian mathematicians over the years. Today, however, we focus on the greatest women mathematicians. These women made significant contributions to mathematics and helped pave the way for other women in the field. Without further ado, let's get started!

**1. Shakuntala Devi - Human computer**

Indian mathematician Shakuntala Devi was born in Bangalore, India in 1929. She showed an unusual talent for mathematics from an early age. She was given the opportunity to study with renowned mathematicians at the University of Mysore.

Shakuntala Devi earned aGradin mathematics from the University of Calcutta and established herself as a world-renowned mathematician. In 1977, she set the world record in mental arithmetic by correctly multiplying two 13-digit numbers in 28 seconds.

Her mathematical skills were particularly commendable as she was entirely self-taught; she had no access to formal education. Even more impressive was her ability to perform complex calculations without the aid of mechanical devices in her head.

This achievement earned her the nickname "Human Computer". Many institutions recognized the genius of Shakuntala Devi and she received numerous awards and honors throughout her life. She also wrote a number of books on mathematics, including The World of Gays and Figures of Fun.

She died in 2013, but her legacy continues to inspire mathematicians worldwide.

**2nd dr. Neena Gupta – Professor of Mathematics**

dr Neena Gupta is an Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to the field of number theory. Born in India, she received her doctorate in 1968 from the University of Chicago.

After working at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and the Institute for Mathematical Sciences in Chennai, she returned to India in 2004 for a position at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. dr Gupta is best known for her work on modular forms, particularly for her proof of the Atkin-Lehner conjecture.

In addition to her research, she has taught mathematics at various institutions including the Indian Institute of Technology Madras and the Harish-Chandra Research Institute. dr Gupta has received numerous prestigious awards including the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for Science and Technology.

**3. Raman Parimala - First female algebraist in India**

Raman Parimala is one of India's most accomplished mathematicians. She made significant contributions to algebraic geometry, and her work helped shape the modern field of arithmetic algebraic geometry. Parimala was born in Kerala, India in 1958.

She received her bachelor's degree from the University of Kerala in 1976 and her master's degree from the Indian Institute of Technology in 1978. She then earned her PhD from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where she received her PhD in 1984.

After positions as visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, Parimala returned to India in 2001 for a position at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Parimala has been awarded many prestigious awards including the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Science and Technology Prize, the Infosys Prize and the Padma Bhushan.

**4. Sujatha Ramdorai - Mathematician in Residence at Oxford University**

Sujatha Ramdorai is a renowned Indian mathematician who has made significant contributions to number theory and geometry. She was born in Chennai in 1966 and received her PhD from the University of Kerala in 1992.

After spending several years as a postdoc at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, she returned to India to take up a position at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Since then, she has held various positions at TIFR and other institutions and is currently a professor at the Chennai Mathematical Institute.

Ramdorai's research focuses on areas such as arithmetic algebraic geometry, automorphic forms, and p-adic cohomology. She has received numerous awards and honors for her work, including the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology.

**5. Mangala Narlikar - Professor of Mathematics**

Mangala Narlikar is considered one of India's greatest mathematicians, and with good reason. She was born in 1929, studied at the University of Mumbai and later received her PhD from Cambridge University. Narlikar has made significant contributions to the field of algebra, including her work on nilpotent groups and Lie algebras.She has also worked on the theory of functions of multiple complex variables. Your textbook on the subject is considered a classic.

In addition to her mathematical achievements, Narlikar is also an accomplished writer and translator, and the author of several popular books on mathematics. Her work has been widely recognized in the mathematical community and she was awarded the prestigious Ramanujan Prize in 2009.

**6. Vasanti N. Bhat-Nayak – Professor for Mathematics**

Vasanti N. Bhat-Nayak was born on November 8, 1929 in India. After completing her secondary education, she attended Baroda University, where she earned a bachelor's degree in mathematics. She then received a master's degree in mathematics from the University of Mumbai. In 1958 she married fellow mathematician Dattatraya Bhat-Nayak, with whom she would have three children.

Bhat-Nayak began themCareeras a research fellow at Baroda University. She then held positions at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and the Institute of Mathematical Sciences before becoming a professor at the University of Mumbai in 1970. She held this position until her retirement in 1994.

while sheCareer, Bhat-Nayak made significant contributions to the field of number theory, particularly in the field of Diophantine equations. She has also authored a number of books and papers on mathematics and was awarded the 2006 Ramanujan Prize.

**7. T. A. Sarasvati Amma - First woman elected Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences**

T. A. Sarasvati Amma was an Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to number theory and algebra. Born in Kerala in 1909, she began her studies at the University of Madras. She quickly earned a reputation as a brilliant student.

After completing her doctorate in mathematics, she taught at several renowned institutions, including the Indian Institute of Technology and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.

In addition to her academic work, Amma has also written a number of popular books on mathematics, including a critically acclaimed text on algebra. In 1975 she was awarded the Padma Bhushan, one of India's highest civilian honors. Sarasvati Amma died in 1996, but her legacy continues to inspire mathematicians worldwide.

**8. Vanaja Iyengar - Researcher in knot theory**

Vanaja Iyengar was born on January 10, 1929 in a small village in India. Her father was a school teacher and her mother a housewife. From an early age, Vanaja showed a great aptitude for mathematics. She excelled in her studies and received her bachelor's degree from the University of Mysore.

After graduating, she began working as a research associate at the Indian Statistical Institute in Kolkata. In 1957 she was the first woman to do a doctorate in mathematics at the institute. Throughout her career, Vanaja made significant contributions to number theory and combinatorics.

She was also Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Combinatorial Theory from 1971 to 1974. Vanaja retired from the Indian Statistical Institute in 1989 but continues to research knot theory.

**9. Bhama Srinivasan - First Indian mathematician**

Bhama Srinivasan was an Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to the field of number theory. She was born in Tamil Nadu, India in 1931 and received her bachelor's degree from the University of Madras in 1952.

SHe then received his PhD from the University of Cambridge in 1958, becoming the first Indian woman to do so. After completing her studies, Srinivasan returned to India and joined the faculty of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai.

Srinivasan is best known for her work on Waring's problem, a long-standing issue in number theory. In 1965 she proved that every natural number is the sum of at most 19 cubes, a significant improvement over the previous limit of 33. Srinivasan died in 2013, but her work remains an important part of number-theoretic research.

**10. Radha Kessar - Professor of Pure Mathematics**

Radha Kessar is widely regarded as the most extraordinary Indian mathematician. Born in 1954 in Chennai, India, she showed a talent for mathematics from an early age. She then studied at the University of Madras, where she earned her bachelor's degree in mathematics.

After graduating, she worked as a research associate at the Mathematical Sciences Institute in Chennai. In 1982 she joined the faculty of the University of Waterloo in Canada. There she made significant contributions to the field of algebra, particularly in the field of finite groups. In 2001 she received the prestigious AMS-MAA-SIAM Morgan Award for Outstanding Mathematical Research by a Young Mathematician.

Radha Kessar has made numerous other contributions to the mathematical community. She is currently Professor of Pure Mathematics at the City University of New York.

India has a long and proud history of mathematical achievement, with some of history's brightest minds hailing from this great nation. These 22 mathematicians are just a small sampling of the brilliance that India has produced over the years. We hope you enjoyed learning about their posts as much as we enjoyed writing about them!